Baltimore & Ohio Railroad

On the grounds of the B&O Railroad Museum, 901 West Pratt Street, Baltimore MD 21223

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad

History: The large industrial complex known as the Mount Clare Shops once maintained every aspect of the B&O Railroad's daily operations. Due to their strategic importance, the shops were among the first sites in Baltimore that the US Army secured when the Civil War began. Supporting the Northern war effort, the B&O Railroad moved thousands of troops, supplies, munitions, and material essential to rebuild damaged sections of the track. With the never-ending demand for supplies, armies constantly maneuvering, and numerous attacks by Confederate raiders, the vital work here never ceased.

More to Explore: Historically significant railroad buildings, structures and "rolling stock" have been preserved as part of the B&O Railroad Museum's collection. You can visit Mt. Clare Depot, which was built in 1851, the Roundhouse, also known as the Passenger Car Shop, the Annex Building, the Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Car Works, ruins of the Freight Car Repair Shop, or the historic 1.5 mile right of way. Each has something unique and special to offer for visitors.

Photo Credits:

  1. “B&O Electric Engine 1895.”
  2. “Baltimore and Ohio Old Maude Mallet Locomotive.”
  3. “B&O Camel Locomotive, ca. 1863.” Courtesy of B&O Railroad Museum.