History: Built around 1861-1863, this structure was originally called Fort Massachusetts and guarded the northern defenses of the nation's capital during the Civil War. On July 11-12, 1864 Fort Stevens defended the city from a Confederate attack under the command of General Jubal Anderson Early. During the battle, President Abraham Lincoln came under direct fire from Confederate sharpshooters while he witnessed the battle from the parapet of the fort. The Battle of Fort Stevens marks the only time in American history that a seated President came under direct fire from an enemy combatant during a time of war. Fort Stevens was named after General Isaac Ingalls Stevens. General Stevens was killed on September 2, 1862 during the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia.
More to Explore: The National Mall, home to iconic monuments, beautiful museums, and rich history is a great place to visit with family. Play outside, enjoy the sights, or expand your mind. Interested in African-American history? Take a guided tour the former home of abolitionist Frederick Douglas at Cedar Hill. Here you will get insight into his life, and enjoy an amazing view of the city from the hilltop. For a night on the town, visit Dupont Circle. Listen to live music, get a free salsa lesson, or splurge for a special occasion at one of the many fine restaurants in the area.
- "District of Columbia. Detachment of Company K, 3d Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, by guns of Fort Stevens." Courtesy of Library of Congress.
- "District of Columbia. Officers and men of Company F, 3d Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, in Fort Stevens." Courtesy of Library of Congress.
- "Washington, District of Columbia. Officers of 3d Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery at Fort Stevens." Courtesy of Library of Congress.
- "Jubal Early." Courtesy of Library of Congress.